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5 Koshas in Yoga: Beginner's Guide


The koshas are the energy layers of your body that surround your soul in Eastern philosophy. They are also known as "sheaths" or "casings" at times. The five koshas coexist and are encased, or nested, within one another.

The outermost layer is made up of your physical body, while the deepest layer is made up of your bliss body, or soul. They were initially detailed in the Taittiriya Upanishad, an ancient yoga text.

This Vedic literature, estimated to have been composed in the sixth century B.C., contains spiritual liberation guidelines. Some feel that the koshas are essential for increasing awareness of your inner world and connecting your mind, body, and spirit. Paying attention to your koshas may help you reach greater levels of awareness on your path to self-realization.

Continue reading to learn more about the five koshas, their history, and how you can incorporate them into your daily life or spiritual practice.

The Five Koshas

The five koshas are like the layers of an onion or a matryoshka, which is a Russian doll made of wood that has smaller and smaller copies of itself inside.

Working with the koshas may enable you to penetrate deeply into the core of your being or soul. This can assist you in taking your spiritual practice to the next level and effecting positive changes in yourself, life, and the world around you.

The physical and mental koshas are the starting points for becoming aware of the deeper layers within.

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The annamaya kosha is the physical sheath that makes up the outside layer. The food sheath is another name for it.

Your physical condition, as well as any medical illnesses or concerns, might be reflected in your body weight or size. You can also see how your body reacts to various sorts of food.


The vital energy, breath, or life force sheath is the pranamaya kosha. The word "prana" in Sanskrit refers to life force and is the word for breath.

Being aware of this kosha allows you to move blocked energy, giving you more vitality and an energetic connection to yourself, others, and nature.

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The annamaya and pranamaya koshas contain the manomaya kosha. It serves as a conduit for experiences and sensations from the outside world into your intuitive body.

This is your mental sheath, and it represents:

  • Consciousness
  • Emotions 
  • Inner world

To connect with this kosha, look at how you think and what you think about.


The vijnanamaya kosha is the name for your astral or psychic body, which is where your intuition lives. The awareness sheath, also known as the wisdom sheath, lets you become more aware and see reality for what it is.

This kosha is connected to your deeper layers of knowledge. It is often called "the mind beyond the mind." As you learn to separate yourself from your thoughts, ego, or sense of self, the vijnanamaya kosha helps you become more self-aware and clear.

By staying the witness, you can learn to be more present and aware of each moment.


The happiness body is referred to as the anandamaya kosha. It's the deepest and most subtle of all levels, so much so that some argue there are no words to express it. It must instead be felt and experienced. Developing your anandamaya kosha necessitates the patience to perform inner work and spiritual activities over time.

This level of awareness is concerned with the essence of your inner self or nature, which is perfection.

When you go beyond all five sheaths, you can reach samadhi, which is the union of your own consciousness with all consciousness..

This is described as absolute ecstasy or delight.

While you may not achieve samadhi, you may get glimpses or moments of happiness that color your environment and trigger these sentiments of ecstasy, even if just for a few moments.

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History and Philosophy

The Taittiriya Upanishad, written in the sixth century B.C., was the earliest ancient work to discuss the koshas. They were referred to as the five casings that house your true self's light, purity, and perfection.

The Taittiriya Upanishad also describes how to develop character and behave properly.

These modes of life are guides on the path to achieving brahma-jnana, or knowledge of your highest self.

The Difference Between Koshas and Chakras

While the koshas are thought to reside in layers of your body, with the bliss body at the center, the chakras are spiritual energy wheels that run down your spine. Chakras, like nadis and kundalini, are present in the astral body.

Chakras, which connect the nadis to the sheaths, have an impact on your physical, mental, and emotional health. Nadis are energy and essential life force pathways. There are thousands of nadis in your body that affect your overall health.

The sushumna channel, which extends from the base of your spine to the crown of your head, is a significant nadi. Kundalini energy moves along the sushumna nadi and the seven chakras when it is aroused at the base of your spine.

The seven chakras are energized as this magnificent cosmic energy wakes and rises through the center channel.



Their Relationship to Yoga

Understanding the five koshas might assist you in learning to detach from your identity, or ego. Beginning with the outer levels, you will be guided to deeper realms of consciousness and pure happiness, called as samadhi.

During a yoga session, you can connect with the koshas through asanas, or positions. Here's how it's done:

  • Be conscious of your physical body, both visibly and internally, in each pose.
  • Next, pay attention to how your breath impacts your body and thoughts.
  • Breathe into any areas that are tense or tight.
  • Become aware of how your breath can be used to direct each movement.
  • Determine whether each movement should be timed to an inhalation or exhale. If you're not sure, try it both ways.

The koshas are used by yogic practitioners and spiritual searchers on the road of self-discovery to answer questions like, "Who am I?" This meditation practice, also known as the direct way, is a Jnana yoga teaching.

The road of knowledge, self-realization, or insight refers to this approach of self-inquiry.

Simply ask yourself this question and see what comes up. You can also ask yourself what you would be like if you didn't have certain thoughts or look into the origins of a specific concept.

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Understanding the 5 Koshas in Yoga

The 5 Koshas offer an enlightening analogy on the evolution of yoga. At its core, yoga is a practice of mindfulness, of being aware and in tune with your body and mind. To truly reap the benefits of this practice, one must understand the multiple layers that compose our whole self.

After all, many physical postures are rooted in psychological and spiritual intentions. In today’s chaotic world, we’re often overwhelmed with ways to stay energized. 

However, searching for natural solutions like those found in yoga can be a great way to feel refreshed and healthy.

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